Well, the textbook definition for Anime is a style of Japanese film and television animation. Manga is a style of Japanese comic book and graphic novels. Pretty easy stuff. But let's go a little more in depth about all this.
Anime and Manga have every genre you could ever think of. Humour, horror, romance, slice of life, action, adventure, sci-fi. Any genre you can think of, it's there. There are also different styles of art. Some of the art has sharper edges and isn't very soft. This style is usually used with more intense Anime. Other styles are softer, gentler, designed to be more beautiful. This style is usually used for romance, slice of life, sometimes humour.
When was it made? Well the first ever anime is one that not many people have heard of. It's called Otogi Manga Calender. It ran from 1961-9164.
In 1947, post WWII, Osamu Tezuka wrote the first Manga called Shintakarajima, known in English as New Treasure Island. In 1951, Osamu wrote the manga that is commonly known today in both Japan and America, Tetsuwom Atom, or Astro Boy in English.
Anime has also been adapted into and mimicked in American culture, as well as in several other countries. Some popular American Anime is Voltron: Legendary Defender, Avatar: The Last Airbender, Yu-Gi-Oh, Teen Titans, RWBY, and Robotech.
Anime and Manga are very popular styles of art. Over the years, the popularity has grown and spread through many different countries. Anime today is extremely different than it was sixty-six years ago when it was first made. Their are similarities, but also extreme differences. But I'll save that for another post.
Written by Rowan Bradshaw